Where only those who come in second get the trophy!
Soviet cosmonaut and aviator Svetlana Yevgenyevna Savitskaya, on August 19, 1982, became the second woman to go into space. Her mission, which was a flight to the Salyut 7 space station and back, lasted about 8 days. As part of a three-person crew, she flew to the station on the Soyuz T-7, and back from the station on the Soyuz T-5.
Savitskaya’s second spaceflight was her most well-known. During that flight, July 25, 1984, she became the first woman to conduct an EVA (extra-vehicular-activity, that is, she did a spacewalk). While floating outside of her vehicle, she conducted welding experiments where he actually cut and welded materials in space.